an:06919412
Zbl 1397.35204
Dong, Bo-Qing; Wu, Jiahong; Xu, Xiaojing; Ye, Zhuan
Global regularity for the 2D micropolar equations with fractional dissipation
EN
Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst. 38, No. 8, 4133-4162 (2018).
00411809
2018
j
35Q35 35B65 76A10 76B03 35B45 35R11 76U05
micropolar equation; fractional dissipation; global regularity
Summary: Micropolar equations, modeling micropolar fluid flows, consist of coupled equations obeyed by the evolution of the velocity \(u\) and that of the microrotation \(w\). This paper focuses on the two-dimensional micropolar equations with the fractional dissipation \((-\Delta)^{\alpha} u\) and \((-\Delta)^{\beta}w\), where \(0<\alpha, \beta<1\). The goal here is the global regularity of the fractional micropolar equations with minimal fractional dissipation. Recent efforts have resolved the two borderline cases \(\alpha = 1\), \(\beta = 0\) and \(\alpha = 0\), \(\beta = 1\). However, the situation for the general critical case \(\alpha+\beta = 1\) with \(0<\alpha<1\) is far more complex and the global regularity appears to be out of reach. When the dissipation is split among the equations, the dissipation is no longer as efficient as in the borderline cases and different ranges of \(\alpha\) and \(\beta\) require different estimates and tools. We aim at the subcritical case \(\alpha+\beta>1\) and divide \(\alpha\in (0,1)\) into five sub-intervals to seek the best estimates so that we can impose the minimal requirements on \(\alpha\) and \(\beta\). The proof of the global regularity relies on the introduction of combined quantities, sharp lower bounds for the fractional dissipation and delicate upper bounds for the nonlinearity and associated commutators.