an:06607691
Zbl 1342.81707
Acosta Avalo, J. L.; P??rez Rojas, H.
Chiral current generation in QED by longitudinal photons
EN
Nucl. Phys., B 909, 230-242 (2016).
00357383
2016
j
81V10 81T28 81T50 82D10 82B30 81V70
Summary: We report the generation of a pseudovector electric current having imbalanced chirality in an electron-positron strongly magnetized gas in QED. It propagates along the external applied magnetic field \({\mathbf B}\) as a chiral magnetic effect in QED. It is triggered by a perturbative electric field parallel to \({\mathbf B}\), associated to a pseudovector longitudinal mode propagating along \({\mathbf B}\). An electromagnetic chemical potential was introduced, but our results remain valid even when it vanishes. A nonzero fermion mass was assumed, which is usually considered vanishing in the literature. In the quantum field theory formalism at finite temperature and density, an anomaly relation for the axial current was found for a medium of massive fermions. It bears some analogy to the Adler-Bell-Jackiw anomaly. From the expression for the chiral current in terms of the photon self-energy tensor in a medium, it is obtained that electrons and positrons scattered by longitudinal photons (inside the light cone) contribute to the chiral current, as well as the to pair creation due to longitudinal photons (out of light cone). In the static limit, an electric pseudovector current is obtained in the lowest Landau level.