an:05693249
Zbl 1307.76054
Ringler, T. D.; Thuburn, J.; Klemp, J. B.; Skamarock, W. C.
A unified approach to energy conservation and potential vorticity dynamics for arbitrarily-structured C-grids
EN
J. Comput. Phys. 229, No. 9, 3065-3090 (2010).
00260113
2010
j
76M12 76B15 65M08 65M50
C-grid; Voronoi diagram; potential vorticity; shallow-water equations
Summary: A numerical scheme applicable to arbitrarily-structured C-grids is presented for the nonlinear shallow-water equations. By discretizing the vector-invariant form of the momentum equation, the relationship between the nonlinear Coriolis force and the potential vorticity flux can be used to guarantee that mass, velocity and potential vorticity evolve in a consistent and compatible manner. Underpinning the consistency and compatibility of the discrete system is the construction of an auxiliary thickness equation that is staggered from the primary thickness equation and collocated with the vorticity field. The numerical scheme also exhibits conservation of total energy to within time-truncation error. Simulations of the standard shallow-water test cases confirm the analysis and show convergence rates between 1st- and 2nd-order accuracy when discretizing the system with quasi-uniform spherical Voronoi diagrams. The numerical method is applicable to a wide class of meshes, including latitude-longitude grids, Voronoi diagrams, Delaunay triangulations and conformally-mapped cubed-sphere meshes.
Reviewer (Berlin)