an:05239084
Zbl 1133.14046
Arrondo, Enrique
A home-made Hartshorne-Serre correspondence
EN
Rev. Mat. Complut. 20, No. 2, 423-443 (2007).
00211543
2007
j
14M07 14F05
vector bundles; smooth varieties; codimension two subvarieties
\textit{R. Hartshorne} [Bull. Am. Math. Soc. 80, 1017--1032 (1974; Zbl 0304.14005)] proved that a codimension two subvariey of \(\mathbb P^n\) is the zero locus of a rank two vector bundle if and only if the variety is subcanonical (i.e. the determinant of the normal bundle extends to a line bundle on \(\mathbb P^n\)). Beside Hartshorne's proof, which is based on ideas of Serre and Horrocks, there is an independent proof by \textit{W. Barth} and \textit{A. Van de Ven} [Invent. Math. 25, 91--106 (1974; Zbl 0295.14006)], while \textit{H. Grauert} and \textit{G. M??lich} [Manuscr. Math. 16, 75--100 (1975; Zbl 0318.32027)] gave the same result on a more general ambient space [see also \textit{M. Valenzano}, Rend. Semin. Mat. Univ. Pol. Torino 62, No. 3, 235--254 (2004; Zbl 1183.14026)]. A more general result is due to Vogelaar who, in his PHD thesis, proved that any local complete intersection subscheme of codimension two of a smooth variety X is the dependency locus of \(r-1\) sections of a rank \(r\) vector bundle on X of determinant \(L\) if and only if the determinant of its normal bundle twisted with \(L*\) is generated by \(r-1\) global sections (provided that a cohomological condition on \(L*\) is fulfilled). The present paper investigates the general Hartshorne-Serre correspondence as it is considered in Vogelaar's thesis (unpublished) and in Grauert's and M??lich's paper. The approach is very elementary and concrete: the vector bundle of Vogelaar's theorem is built starting with the local representation of its sections and through a careful investigation of the transition functions and matrices. The paper has the aim of giving a reference for the Hartshorne-Serre correspondence, but has the additional merit of being clear and accessible also to mathematicians who are not expert of algebraic geometry.
Paolo Valabrega (Torino)
Zbl 0304.14005; Zbl 0295.14006; Zbl 1183.14026; Zbl 0318.32027