an:01532263
Zbl 0958.92025
Dahmen, Karin A.; Nelson, David R.; Shnerb, Nadav M.
Population dynamics and non-Hermitian localization
EN
Reguera, David (ed.) et al., Statistical mechanics of biocomplexity. Proceedings of the XV Sitges conference, Sitges, Barcelona, Spain, June 8-12, 1998. Berlin: Springer. Lect. Notes Phys. 527, 124-151 (1999).
1999
a
92D25 35Q92 35K55
lattice model; pseudo spectra; sensitivity to boundary conditions; review; localization; non-Hermitian time evolution
Summary: We review localization with non-Hermitian time evolution as applied to simple models of population biology with spatially varying growth profiles and convection. Convection leads to a constant imaginary vector potential in the Schr??dinger-like operator which appears in linearized growth models. We illustrate the basic ideas by reviewing how convection affects the evolution of a population influenced by a simple square well growth profile.
Results from discrete lattice growth models in both one and two dimensions are presented. A set of similarity transformations which lead to exact results for the spectrum and winding numbers of eigenfunctions for random growth rates in one dimension is described in detail. We discuss the influence of boundary conditions, and argue that periodic boundary conditions lead to results which are in fact typical of a broad class of growth problems with convection.
For the entire collection see [Zbl 0930.00086].