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A bivariate risk model with mutual deficit coverage. (English) Zbl 1348.91153
Summary: We consider a bivariate Cramér-Lundberg-type risk reserve process with the special feature that each insurance company agrees to cover the deficit of the other. It is assumed that the capital transfers between the companies are instantaneous and incur a certain proportional cost, and that ruin occurs when neither company can cover the deficit of the other. We study the survival probability as a function of initial capitals and express its bivariate transform through two univariate boundary transforms, where one of the initial capitals is fixed at 0. We identify these boundary transforms in the case when claims arriving at each company form two independent processes. The expressions are in terms of Wiener-Hopf factors associated to two auxiliary compound Poisson processes. The case of non-mutual agreement is also considered. The proposed model shares some features of a contingent surplus note instrument and may be of interest in the context of crisis management.

##### MSC:
 91B30 Risk theory, insurance (MSC2010) 60K25 Queueing theory (aspects of probability theory)
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