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Static analysis of composite beams on variable stiffness elastic foundations by the homotopy analysis method. (English) Zbl 1484.74046

Summary: New analytical solutions for the static deflection of anisotropic composite beams resting on variable stiffness elastic foundations are obtained by the means of the Homotopy Analysis Method (HAM). The method provides a closed-form series solution for the problem described by a non-homogeneous system of coupled ordinary differential equations with constant coefficients and one variable coefficient reflecting variable stiffness elastic foundation. Analytical solutions are obtained based on two different algorithms, namely conventional HAM and iterative HAM (iHAM). To investigate the computational efficiency and convergence of HAM solutions, the preliminary studies are performed for a composite beam without elastic foundation under the action of transverse uniformly distributed loads considering three different types of stacking sequence which provide different levels and types of anisotropy. It is shown that applying the iterative approach results in better convergence of the solution compared with conventional HAM for the same level of accuracy. Then, analytical solutions are developed for composite beams on elastic foundations. New analytical results based on HAM are presented for the static deflection of composite beams resting on variable stiffness elastic foundations. Results are compared to those reported in the literature and those obtained by the Chebyshev Collocation Method in order to verify the validity and accuracy of the method. Numerical experiments reveal the accuracy and efficiency of the Homotopy Analysis Method in static beam problems.

MSC:

74K10 Rods (beams, columns, shafts, arches, rings, etc.)
74E30 Composite and mixture properties
74G10 Analytic approximation of solutions (perturbation methods, asymptotic methods, series, etc.) of equilibrium problems in solid mechanics

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