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Robust and sparse multigroup classification by the optimal scoring approach. (English) Zbl 1433.68372

Summary: We propose a robust and sparse classification method based on the optimal scoring approach. It is also applicable if the number of variables exceeds the number of observations. The data are first projected into a low dimensional subspace according to an optimal scoring criterion. The projection only includes a subset of the original variables (sparse modeling) and is not distorted by outliers (robust modeling). In this low dimensional subspace classification is performed by minimizing a robust Mahalanobis distance to the group centers. The low dimensional representation of the data is also useful for visualization purposes. We discuss the algorithm for the proposed method in detail. A simulation study illustrates the properties of robust and sparse classification by optimal scoring compared to the non-robust and/or non-sparse alternative methods. Three real data applications are given.

MSC:

68T05 Learning and adaptive systems in artificial intelligence
62H30 Classification and discrimination; cluster analysis (statistical aspects)
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