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A shared framework for consequence operations and abstract model theory. (English) Zbl 1295.03024
Summary: In this paper we develop an abstract theory of adequacy. In the same way as the theory of consequence operations is a general theory of logic, this theory of adequacy is a general theory of the interactions and connections between consequence operations and its sound and complete semantics. Addition of axioms for the connectives of propositional logic to the basic axioms of consequence operations yields a unifying framework for different systems of classical propositional logic. We present an abstract model-theoretical semantics based on model mappings and theory mappings. Between the classes of models and theories, i.e., the set of sentences verified by a model, it obtains a connection that is well-known within algebra as Galois correspondence. Many basic semantical properties can be derived from this observation. A sentence \(A\) is a semantical consequence of \(T\) if every model of \(T\) is also a model of \(A\). A model mapping is adequate for a consequence operation if its semantical inference operation is identical with the consequence operation. We study how properties of an adequate model mapping reflect the properties of the consequence operation and vice versa. In particular, we show how every concept of the theory of consequence operations can be formulated semantically.

03C95 Abstract model theory
03B05 Classical propositional logic
03B22 Abstract deductive systems
06A15 Galois correspondences, closure operators (in relation to ordered sets)
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