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Systems of Hess-Appel’rot type. (English) Zbl 1122.37044
Summary: We construct higher-dimensional generalizations of the classical Hess-Appel’rot rigid body system. We give a Lax pair with a spectral parameter leading to an algebro-geometric integration of this new class of systems, which is closely related to the integration of the Lagrange bitop performed by us recently and uses Mumford relation for theta divisors of double unramified coverings. Based on the basic properties satisfied by such a class of systems related to bi-Poisson structure, quasi-homogeneity, and conditions on the Kowalevski exponents, we suggest an axiomatic approach leading to what we call the “class of systems of Hess-Appel’rot type”.

37J35 Completely integrable finite-dimensional Hamiltonian systems, integration methods, integrability tests
14H70 Relationships between algebraic curves and integrable systems
70E40 Integrable cases of motion in rigid body dynamics
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