## Restraining approach for the spurious kinematic modes in hybrid equilibrium element.(English)Zbl 1311.74127

Summary: The present paper proposes a rigorous approach for the elimination of spurious kinematic modes in hybrid equilibrium elements, for three well known mesh patches. The approach is based on the identification of the dependent equations in the set of inter-element and boundary equilibrium equations of the sides involved in the spurious kinematic mode. Then the kinematic variables related to the dependent equations are reciprocally constrained and, by application of master slave elimination method, the set of inter-element equilibrium equations is reduced to full rank. The elastic solutions produced by means of the proposed approach verify the homogeneous, the inter-element and the boundary equilibrium equations. Hybrid stress formulation is developed in a rigorous mathematical setting. The results of linear elastic analysis obtained by the proposed approach and by classical displacement based method are compared for some structural examples.

### MSC:

 74S05 Finite element methods applied to problems in solid mechanics 74B05 Classical linear elasticity

### Keywords:

hybrid; equilibrium; SKM; mixed; dual analysis
Full Text:

### References:

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