zbMATH — the first resource for mathematics

Topological structure evolvement of flow and temperature fields in deformable drop Marangoni migration in microgravity. (English) Zbl 1227.80039
Summary: Using the level-set method and the continuum interface model, the axisymmetric thermocapillary migration of a deformable liquid drop immerged in an immiscible bulk liquid with a temperature gradient is simulated numerically with constant material properties of the two phases. Steady terminal state of the motion can always be reached. The dimensionless terminal migration velocity decreases monotonously with the increase of the Marangoni number. Good agreements with space experimental data and most of previous numerical studies in the literature are evident. The terminal topological structure of flow field, in which a recirculation identical to Hill’s vortex exists inside the drop, does not change with the Marangoni number. Only slight movement of the location of vortex center can be observed. On the contrary, bifurcations of the terminal topological structure of temperature field occur twice with increasing Marangoni number. At first, the uniform and straight layer-type structure of temperature field at infinitesimal Reynolds and Marangoni numbers wraps inside of the drop due to convective transport of heat as the Marangoni number increases, resulting in the emergence of an onion-type local cooler zone around the center of the drop beyond a lower critical Marangoni number. Expanding of this zone, particularly in the transverse direction, with the increasing of the Marangoni number leads to a cap- or even shell-type structure. The coldest point within the liquid drop locates on the axis. There is a middle critical Marangoni number, beyond which the coldest point will jump from the rear stagnation into the drop, though the topological structure of the temperature field does not change. The second bifurcation occurs at an upper critical Marangoni number, where the shell-type cooler zone inside drops ruptures from the central point and then a torus-type one emerges. The coldest point departs from the axis, and the so-called “cold-eye” appears in the meridian. It is also found that the inner and outer thermal boundary layers along the interface may exist both inside and outside the drop if \(Ma > 70\). But the thickness decreases with the increasing Marangoni number more slowly than the prediction of potential flow at large Marangoni and Reynolds numbers. A velocity shear layer outside the drop is also introduced formally, of which modality may be affected by the convective transports of heat and/or momentum.
80A20 Heat and mass transfer, heat flow (MSC2010)
76T10 Liquid-gas two-phase flows, bubbly flows
76R10 Free convection
80M25 Other numerical methods (thermodynamics) (MSC2010)
76M25 Other numerical methods (fluid mechanics) (MSC2010)
Full Text: DOI
[1] Subramanian, R. S.; Balasubramaniam, R.: The motion of bubbles and drops in reduced gravity, (2001) · Zbl 0982.83001
[2] Young, N. O.; Goldstein, J. S.; Block, M. J.: The motion of bubbles in a vertical temperature gradient, J. fluid mech. 6, 350-356 (1959) · Zbl 0087.19902 · doi:10.1017/S0022112059000684
[3] Subramanian, R. S.: Slow migration of a gas bubble in a thermal gradient, Aiche J. 27, No. 4, 646-654 (1981)
[4] Subramanian, R. S.: Thermocapillary migration of bubbles and droplets, Adv. space res. 3, No. 5, 145-153 (1983)
[5] Balasubramaniam, R.; Subramanian, R. S.: The migration of a drop in a uniform temperature gradient at large Marangoni numbers, Phys. fluids 12, No. 4, 733-743 (2000) · Zbl 1149.76314 · doi:10.1063/1.870330
[6] Haj-Hariri, H.; Shi, Q.; Borhan, A.: Thermocapillary motion of deformable drops at finite Reynolds and Marangoni numbers, Phys. fluids 9, No. 4, 845-855 (1997)
[7] Ma, X. J.; Balasubramaniam, R.; Subramanian, R. S.: Numerical simulation of thermocapillary drop motion with internal circulation, Numer. heat transfer A – appl. 35, 291-309 (1999)
[8] S. Nas, Computational investigation of thermocapillary migration of bubbles and drops in zero gravity, Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Aerospace Engineering, University of Michigan, USA, 1995.
[9] Nas, S.; Tryggvason, G.: Thermocapillary interaction of two bubbles or drops, Int. J. Multiphase flow 29, 1117-1135 (2003) · Zbl 1136.76584 · doi:10.1016/S0301-9322(03)00084-3
[10] Yin, Z.; Gao, P.; Hu, W.; Chang, L.: Thermocapillary migration of nondeformable drops, Phys. fluids 20, 082101 (2008) · Zbl 1182.76854 · doi:10.1063/1.2965549
[11] Brady, P. T.; Herrmann, M.; Lopez, J. M.: Confined thermocapillary motion of a three-dimensional deformable drop, Phys. fluids 23, 022101 (2011)
[12] Hadland, P. H.; Balasubramaniam, R.; Wozniak, G.; Subramanian, R. S.: Thermocapillary migration of bubbles and drops at moderate to large Marangoni number and moderate Reynolds number in reduced gravity, Exp. fluids 26, 240-248 (2009)
[13] Xie, J. C.; Lin, H.; Zhang, P.; Liu, F.; Hu, W. R.: Experimental investigation on thermocapillary drop migration at large Marangoni number in reduced gravity, J. colloid interface sci. 285, 737-743 (2005)
[14] Zhao, J. Fu.; Li, Zh.D.; Li, H. X.; Li, J.: Thermocapillary migration of deformable drops at moderate to large Marangoni number in microgravity, Microgravity sci. Technol. 22, No. 3, 295-303 (2010)
[15] Son, G.; Dhir, V. K.: Numerical simulation of film boiling near critical pressures with a level set method, J. heat transfer 120, 183-192 (1998)
This reference list is based on information provided by the publisher or from digital mathematics libraries. Its items are heuristically matched to zbMATH identifiers and may contain data conversion errors. It attempts to reflect the references listed in the original paper as accurately as possible without claiming the completeness or perfect precision of the matching.