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Inclusion-exclusion principle for belief functions. (English) Zbl 1433.68437
Summary: The inclusion-exclusion principle is a well-known property in probability theory, and is instrumental in some computational problems such as the evaluation of system reliability or the calculation of the probability of a Boolean formula in diagnosis. However, in the setting of uncertainty theories more general than probability theory, this principle no longer holds in general. It is therefore useful to know for which families of events it continues to hold. This paper investigates this question in the setting of belief functions. After exhibiting original sufficient and necessary conditions for the principle to hold, we illustrate its use on the uncertainty analysis of Boolean and non-Boolean systems in reliability.

MSC:
 68T37 Reasoning under uncertainty in the context of artificial intelligence 60A86 Fuzzy probability
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