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Locally constrained graph homomorphisms – structure, complexity, and applications. (English) Zbl 1302.05122
Summary: A graph homomorphism is an edge preserving vertex mapping between two graphs. Locally constrained homomorphisms are those that behave well on the neighborhoods of vertices. If the neighborhood of any vertex of the source graph is mapped bijectively (injectively, surjectively) to the neighborhood of its image in the target graph, the homomorphism is called locally bijective (injective, surjective, respectively). We show that this view unifies issues studied before from different perspectives and under different names, such as graph covers, distance constrained graph labelings, or role assignments. Our survey provides an overview of applications, complexity results, related problems, and historical notes on locally constrained graph homomorphisms.

MSC:
 05C60 Isomorphism problems in graph theory (reconstruction conjecture, etc.) and homomorphisms (subgraph embedding, etc.) 05C15 Coloring of graphs and hypergraphs 05C70 Edge subsets with special properties (factorization, matching, partitioning, covering and packing, etc.) 05C85 Graph algorithms (graph-theoretic aspects) 68R10 Graph theory (including graph drawing) in computer science 05-02 Research exposition (monographs, survey articles) pertaining to combinatorics
MathOverflow Questions:
Regular graph colorings
nauty
Full Text:
References:
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