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Stability in the self-organized evolution of networks. (English) Zbl 1181.90054
Summary: The modeling and analysis of large networks of autonomous agents is an important topic with applications in many different disciplines. One way of modeling the development of such networks is by means of an evolutionary process. The autonomous and selfishly acting agents are randomly chosen to become active according to an underlying probability distribution. They may apply some kind of local mutation operator to the network and decide about accepting these changes via some fitness-based selection whereas the fitness models the agent’s preferences. This general framework for the self-organized evolution of networks can be instantiated in many different ways. For interesting instances, one would like to know whether stable topologies eventually evolve and how long this process may take. Here, known results for an instantiation based on random spanning trees and a fitness-based selection according to global graph centrality measures are improved. Moreover, a more natural and local fitness-based selection using only the information on nearest neighbors is presented and analyzed with respect to the expected time needed to reach a stable state.

90B15 Stochastic network models in operations research
91B69 Heterogeneous agent models
68T05 Learning and adaptive systems in artificial intelligence
90C59 Approximation methods and heuristics in mathematical programming
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