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Rockefeller philanthropy and mathematical emigration between World Wars. (English) Zbl 1325.01021
“Between the two World Wars, when state support for fundamental science was marginal, the fellowships financed by the private Rockefeller philanthropy had been crucial in assisting American research to gradually reach the European standard.” The author of the article under review discusses the policies of the Rockefeller philanthropy for internationalization of mathematics in his monograph [Rockefeller and the internationalization of mathematics between the two world wars. Documents and studies for the social history of mathematics in the 20th century. Basel: Birkhäuser (2001; Zbl 0981.01013)]. This article discusses only one aspect of the support of the Rockefeller Foundation for mathematics: the emigration of mathematicians from Europe to America. “This topic splits into two, both chronologically and with respect to changing social and political conditions: fellowship programs and the emergency program for refugees from Europe.”

MSC:
01A60 History of mathematics in the 20th century
01A74 History of mathematics at institutions and academies (non-university)
01A73 History of mathematics at specific universities
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