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Hamilton decompositions of 6-regular Cayley graphs on even abelian groups with involution-free connections sets. (English) Zbl 1297.05115
Summary: B. Alspach [“Research problem 59”, ibid. 50, 115 (1984)] conjectured that every connected Cayley graph on a finite abelian group \(A\) is Hamilton-decomposable. J. Liu [ibid. 131, No. 1–3, 163–171 (1994; Zbl 0809.05058)] has shown that for \(| A |\) even, if \(S = \{s_1, \ldots, s_k \} \subset A\) is an inverse-free strongly minimal generating set of \(A\), then the Cayley graph Cay\((A; S^\star)\), is decomposable into \(k\) Hamilton cycles, where \(S^\star\) denotes the inverse-closure of \(S\). Extending these techniques and restricting to the \(6\)-regular case, this article relaxes the constraint of strong minimality on \(S\) to require only that \(S\) be strongly \(a\)-minimal, for some \(a \in S\) and the index of \(\langle a \rangle\) be at least four. Strong \(a\)-minimality means that \(2 s \notin \langle a \rangle\) for all \(s \in S \smallsetminus \{a, - a \}\). Some infinite families of open cases for the 6-regular Cayley graphs on even-order abelian groups are resolved. In particular, if \(| s_1 | \geq | s_2 | > 2 | s_3 |\), then \(\mathrm{Cay}(A; \{s_1, s_2, s_3 \}^\star)\) is Hamilton-decomposable.

MSC:
05C25 Graphs and abstract algebra (groups, rings, fields, etc.)
05C70 Edge subsets with special properties (factorization, matching, partitioning, covering and packing, etc.)
05C45 Eulerian and Hamiltonian graphs
05C38 Paths and cycles
Software:
Magma
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