Binary relations and permutation groups. (English) Zbl 0823.03036

Summary: We discuss some new properties of the natural Galois connection among set relation algebras, permutation groups, and first order logic. In particular, we exhibit infinitely many permutational relation algebras without a Galois closed representation, and we also show that every relation algebra on a set with at most six elements is Galois closed and essentially unique. Thus, we obtain the surprising result that on such sets, logic with three variables is as powerful in expression as full first order logic.


03G15 Cylindric and polyadic algebras; relation algebras
03B10 Classical first-order logic
06A15 Galois correspondences, closure operators (in relation to ordered sets)
08A40 Operations and polynomials in algebraic structures, primal algebras
20B99 Permutation groups


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