zbMATH — the first resource for mathematics

On quotients of Riemann zeta values at odd and even integer arguments. (English) Zbl 1290.11118
The author gives (see Theorem 1.3, for the precise statement) an explicit formula for the ratio \[ \zeta(n+1)/\zeta(n) \] where \(\zeta\) is the Riemann zeta-function and \(n\) is an even natural number, in terms of a polynomial \(p_n\) (see Theorem 1.2 for its definition and some properties), linked with some other other polynomial \(q_n\) (see again Theorem 1.2), that the author (after Theorem 1.5, proving that \(q_n\) is an Eisenstein polynomial, hence irreducible, when \(n-1\) is an odd prime) conjectures to be irreducible for all \(n\geq 4\) (see Conjecture 1.6).
The proof of Theorem 1.3 (which, regards more general linear combinations of zeta values ratios) is rather straightforward, from the functional equation for \(\zeta\), together with Euler’s formulae, containing Bernoulli numbers, linked to the Stirling numbers of the first kind and of the second kind.
Also, the author provides a table for three instances of Theorem 1.3, with the corresponding values of \(p_n\) (see Table 1.4) and a rich wealth of congruence and combinatorial properties of the quantities involved in the proofs, just to name one, Kummer’s congruence for Bernoulli numbers. Last but not least, some of the few polynomials \(p_n\) and \(q_n\) are listed (confirming that \(q_4\) up to \(q_{10}\) are irreducible).

11M06 \(\zeta (s)\) and \(L(s, \chi)\)
11R09 Polynomials (irreducibility, etc.)
11B73 Bell and Stirling numbers
Full Text: DOI arXiv
[1] Graham, R. L.; Knuth, D. E.; Patashnik, O., Concrete mathematics, (1994), Addison-Wesley Reading, MA, USA · Zbl 0836.00001
[2] Guillera, J.; Sondow, J., Double integrals and infinite products for some classical constants via analytic continuations of lerchʼs transcendent, Ramanujan J., 16, 247-270, (2008) · Zbl 1216.11075
[3] Hasse, H., Ein summierungsverfahren für die riemannsche ζ-reihe, Math. Z., 32, 458-464, (1930) · JFM 56.0894.03
[4] Kellner, B. C., On irregular prime power divisors of the Bernoulli numbers, Math. Comp., 76, 405-441, (2007) · Zbl 1183.11012
[5] B.C. Kellner, Identities between polynomials related to Stirling and harmonic numbers, 2012, submitted for publication, preprint, arXiv:1209.1018 [math.NT].
[6] Knopp, K., Über das eulersche summierungsverfahren, Math. Z., 15, 226-253, (1922) · JFM 48.0232.01
[7] Koblitz, N., p-adic numbers, p-adic analysis and zeta-functions, Grad. Texts in Math., vol. 58, (1996), Springer-Verlag
[8] Nørlund, N. E., Vorlesungen über differenzenrechnung, (1924), Springer Berlin · JFM 50.0315.02
[9] Patterson, S. J., An introduction to the theory of the Riemann zeta-function, (1995), Cambridge University Press · Zbl 0831.11045
This reference list is based on information provided by the publisher or from digital mathematics libraries. Its items are heuristically matched to zbMATH identifiers and may contain data conversion errors. It attempts to reflect the references listed in the original paper as accurately as possible without claiming the completeness or perfect precision of the matching.