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Leray-Schauder degree: A half century of extensions and applications. (English) Zbl 0957.47045
As indicated in the title this article presents a historic roundtrip through the development of Leray-Schauder degree based mainly on the original articles of Leray and Schauder. The author states the results of these articles in modern terms and modern notation but he succeeds in transmitting the flavour of these articles by verbally quoting Leray and Schauder (in French and German). The starting point is the invention of Leray-Schauder degree in the thirties. The tour then turns to the theory of the fixed point index as developed by Leray and briefly touches the application of Leray-Schauder degree to bifurcation theory. Finally, there is a short section on degree theory for Fredholm mappings between Banach manifolds.
(One could read this article with much more pleasure if some editing process had taken place. The author seems to use his own spelling rules, he uses “teach” as a regular verb, and in some places even French words have slipped into the English text).

MSC:
47H11 Degree theory for nonlinear operators
55M25 Degree, winding number
55M20 Fixed points and coincidences in algebraic topology
58C30 Fixed-point theorems on manifolds
58C40 Spectral theory; eigenvalue problems on manifolds
47J15 Abstract bifurcation theory involving nonlinear operators
01A60 History of mathematics in the 20th century
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