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On support vector machines under a multiple-cost scenario. (English) Zbl 1474.62211

Summary: Support vector machine (SVM) is a powerful tool in binary classification, known to attain excellent misclassification rates. On the other hand, many realworld classification problems, such as those found in medical diagnosis, churn or fraud prediction, involve misclassification costs which may be different in the different classes. However, it may be hard for the user to provide precise values for such misclassification costs, whereas it may be much easier to identify acceptable misclassification rates values. In this paper we propose a novel SVM model in which misclassification costs are considered by incorporating performance constraints in the problem formulation. Specifically, our aim is to seek the hyperplane with maximal margin yielding misclassification rates below given threshold values. Such maximal margin hyperplane is obtained by solving a quadratic convex problem with linear constraints and integer variables. The reported numerical experience shows that our model gives the user control on the misclassification rates in one class (possibly at the expense of an increase in misclassification rates for the other class) and is feasible in terms of running times.

MSC:

62H30 Classification and discrimination; cluster analysis (statistical aspects)
62P20 Applications of statistics to economics
90C11 Mixed integer programming
90C30 Nonlinear programming
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