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A model of the Ebola epidemics in West Africa incorporating age of infection. (English) Zbl 1448.92354
Summary: A model of an Ebola epidemic is developed with infected individuals structured according to disease age. The transmission of the infection is tracked by disease age through an initial incubation (exposed) phase, followed by an infectious phase with variable transmission infectiousness. The removal of infected individuals is dependent on disease age, with three types of removal rates: (1) removal due to hospitalization (isolation), (2) removal due to mortality separate from hospitalization, and (3) removal due to recovery separate from hospitalization. The model is applied to the Ebola epidemics in Sierra Leone and Guinea. Model simulations indicate that successive stages of increased and earlier hospitalization of cases have resulted in mitigation of the epidemics.

MSC:
92D30 Epidemiology
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