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A large arboreal Galois representation for a cubic postcritically finite polynomial. (English) Zbl 1427.11118
Summary: We give a complete description of the arboreal Galois representation of a certain postcritically finite cubic polynomial over a large class of number fields and for a large class of basepoints. This is the first such example that is not conjugate to a power map, Chebyshev polynomial, or Lattès map. The associated Galois action on an infinite ternary rooted tree has Hausdorff dimension bounded strictly between that of the infinite wreath product of cyclic groups and that of the infinite wreath product of symmetric groups. We deduce a zero-density result for prime divisors in an orbit under this polynomial. We also obtain a zero-density result for the set of places of convergence of Newton’s method for a certain cubic polynomial, thus resolving the first nontrivial case of a conjecture of X. Faber and J. F. Voloch [J. Théor. Nombres Bordx. 23, No. 2, 387–401 (2011; Zbl 1223.37118)].

MSC:
11R32 Galois theory
05C25 Graphs and abstract algebra (groups, rings, fields, etc.)
11R09 Polynomials (irreducibility, etc.)
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