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Copies of the random graph. (English) Zbl 1423.03189
Summary: Let \(\langle R, \sim \rangle\) be the Rado graph, \(\mathrm{Emb}(R)\) the monoid of its self-embeddings, \(\mathbb{P}(R) = \{f(R) : f \in \mathrm{Emb}(R) \}\) the set of copies of \(R\) contained in \(R\), and \(\mathcal{I}_R\) the ideal of subsets of \(R\) which do not contain a copy of \(R\). We consider the poset \(\langle \mathbb{P}(R), \subset \rangle\), the algebra \(P(R) / \mathcal{I}_R\), and the inverse of the right Green’s preorder on \(\mathrm{Emb}(R)\), and show that these preorders are forcing equivalent to a two step iteration of the form \(\mathbb{P} \ast \pi\), where the poset \(\mathbb{P}\) is similar to the Sacks perfect set forcing: adds a generic real, has the \(\aleph_0\)-covering property and, hence, preserves \(\omega_1\), has the Sacks property and does not produce splitting reals, while \(\pi\) codes an \(\omega\)-distributive forcing. Consequently, the Boolean completions of these four posets are isomorphic and the same holds for each countable graph containing a copy of the Rado graph.

MSC:
03E40 Other aspects of forcing and Boolean-valued models
05C80 Random graphs (graph-theoretic aspects)
03C15 Model theory of denumerable and separable structures
03C50 Models with special properties (saturated, rigid, etc.)
06A06 Partial orders, general
20M20 Semigroups of transformations, relations, partitions, etc.
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