Consistently determining the number of factors in multivariate volatility modelling. (English) Zbl 1415.62067

Summary: Consistently determining the number of factors plays an important role in factor modelling for volatility of multivariate time series. In this paper, the modelling is extended to handle the nonstationary time series scenario with conditional heteroscedasticity. Then a ridge-type ratio estimate and a BIC-type estimate are proposed and proved to be consistent. Their finite sample performance is examined through simulations and the analysis of two data sets. An observation from the numerical studies is, that unlike the cases with stationary and homoscedastic sequences in the literature, the dimensionality blessing no longer holds for the ratio-based estimates, but still does for the BIC-type estimate.


62M10 Time series, auto-correlation, regression, etc. in statistics (GARCH)
62F12 Asymptotic properties of parametric estimators
62H25 Factor analysis and principal components; correspondence analysis
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