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A Bühlmann credibility approach to modeling mortality rates. (English) Zbl 1414.91237

Summary: In this article, we first propose a Bühlmann nonparametric credibility approach to forecasting mortality rates, and we then compare forecasting performances between the proposed Bühlmann approach and the Lee-Carter/Cairns-Blake-Dowd (CBD) models. Empirical results based on mortality data for both genders of Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States with two age spans, a wide range of fitting year spans, and three forecasting periods show that the credibility approach contributes to much better forecasting performances measured by the mean absolute percentage error. Moreover, we give an informative credibility interpretation regarding the average decrements of an individual time trend for age \(x\) and a group time trend for all ages, and we discuss the effects of the slope and intercept of the linear functions for the forecasted mortality rates under the proposed Bühlmann nonparametric credibility approach and the Lee-Carter/CBD models. Finally, we also estimate the parameters of the Bühlmann credibility approach in a semiparametric framework, and we provide a stochastic version of forecasting mortality rates for the Bühlmann credibility approach.

MSC:

91B30 Risk theory, insurance (MSC2010)
62P05 Applications of statistics to actuarial sciences and financial mathematics
62M20 Inference from stochastic processes and prediction
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