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Quantum states with Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen correlations admitting a hidden-variable model. (English) Zbl 1371.81145
Summary: A state of a composite quantum system is called classically correlated if it can be approximated by convex combinations of product states, and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen correlated otherwise. Any classically correlated state can be modeled by a hidden-variable theory and hence satisfies all generalized Bell’s inequalities. It is shown by an explicit example that the converse of this statement is false.

MSC:
81Q65 Alternative quantum mechanics (including hidden variables, etc.)
81P15 Quantum measurement theory, state operations, state preparations
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