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Fundamental solutions and dual boundary element methods for fracture in plane Cosserat elasticity. (English) Zbl 1371.74011
Summary: In this paper, both singular and hypersingular fundamental solutions of plane Cosserat elasticity are derived and given in a ready-to-use form. The hypersingular fundamental solutions allow to formulate the analogue of Somigliana stress identity, which can be used to obtain the stress and couple-stress fields inside the domain from the boundary values of the displacements, microrotation and stress and couple-stress tractions. Using these newly derived fundamental solutions, the boundary integral equations of both types are formulated and solved by the boundary element method. Simultaneous use of both types of equations (approach known as the dual boundary element method (BEM)) allows problems where parts of the boundary are overlapping, such as crack problems, to be treated and to do this for general geometry and loading conditions. The high accuracy of the boundary element method for both types of equations is demonstrated for a number of benchmark problems, including a Griffith crack problem and a plate with an edge crack. The detailed comparison of the BEM results and the analytical solution for a Griffith crack and an edge crack is given, particularly in terms of stress and couple-stress intensity factors, as well as the crack opening displacements and microrotations on the crack faces and the angular distributions of stresses and couple-stresses around the crack tip.

MSC:
74A35 Polar materials
74S15 Boundary element methods applied to problems in solid mechanics
65N38 Boundary element methods for boundary value problems involving PDEs
65N80 Fundamental solutions, Green’s function methods, etc. for boundary value problems involving PDEs
74A45 Theories of fracture and damage
Software:
Mathematica
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