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A new family of differentially 4-uniform permutations over \(\mathbb{F}_{2^{2k}}\) for odd \(k\). (English) Zbl 1354.94044
Summary: We study the differential uniformity of a class of permutations over \(\mathbb{F}_{2^n}\) with \(n\) even. These permutations are different from the inverse function as the values \(x^{-1}\) are modified to be \((\gamma x)^{-1}\) on some cosets of a fixed subgroup \(\langle\gamma\rangle\) of \(\mathbb{F}_{2^n}^\ast\). We obtain some sufficient conditions for this kind of permutations to be differentially 4-uniform, which enable us to construct a new family of differentially 4-uniform permutations that contains many new Carlet-Charpin-Zinoviev equivalent (CCZ-equivalent) classes as checked by Magma for small numbers \(n\). Moreover, all of the newly constructed functions are proved to possess optimal algebraic degree and relatively high nonlinearity.

MSC:
94A60 Cryptography
11T71 Algebraic coding theory; cryptography (number-theoretic aspects)
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