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High order curvilinear finite elements for elastic-plastic Lagrangian dynamics. (English) Zbl 1351.76057
Summary: This paper presents a high-order finite element method for calculating elastic-plastic flow on moving curvilinear meshes and is an extension of our general high-order curvilinear finite element approach for solving the Euler equations of gas dynamics in a Lagrangian frame [1,2]. In order to handle transition to plastic flow, we formulate the stress-strain relation in rate (or incremental) form and augment our semi-discrete equations for Lagrangian hydrodynamics with an additional evolution equation for the deviatoric stress which is valid for arbitrary order spatial discretizations of the kinematic and thermodynamic variables. The semi-discrete equation for the deviatoric stress rate is developed for 2D planar, 2D axisymmetric and full 3D geometries. For each case, the strain rate is approximated via a collocation method at zone quadrature points while the deviatoric stress is approximated using an \(L2\) projection onto the thermodynamic basis. We apply high order, energy conserving, explicit time stepping methods to the semi-discrete equations to develop the fully discrete method. We conclude with numerical results from an extensive series of verification tests that demonstrate several practical advantages of using high-order finite elements for elastic-plastic flow.

76M10 Finite element methods applied to problems in fluid mechanics
74S05 Finite element methods applied to problems in solid mechanics
65M60 Finite element, Rayleigh-Ritz and Galerkin methods for initial value and initial-boundary value problems involving PDEs
74C05 Small-strain, rate-independent theories of plasticity (including rigid-plastic and elasto-plastic materials)
76A10 Viscoelastic fluids
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