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Formulas for rational-valued separability probabilities of random induced generalized two-qubit states. (English) Zbl 1337.81027
Summary: Previously, a formula, incorporating a \(5 F 4\) hypergeometric function, for the Hilbert-Schmidt-averaged determinantal moments \(\langle\left|\rho^{\text{P} \text{T}}\right|^n \left|\rho\right|^k\rangle /\langle\left|\rho\right|^k\rangle\) of \(4 \times 4\) density-matrices (\(\rho\)) and their partial transposes (\(| \rho^{\mathrm{PT}}|\)), was applied with \(k = 0\) to the generalized two-qubit separability probability question. The formula can, furthermore, be viewed, as we note here, as an averaging over “induced measures in the space of mixed quantum states”. The associated induced-measure separability probabilities (\(k = 1,2, \ldots\)) are found – via a high-precision density approximation procedure – to assume interesting, relatively simple rational values in the two-re[al]bit (\(\alpha = 1 / 2\)), (standard) two-qubit (\(\alpha = 1\)), and two-quater[nionic]bit (\(\alpha = 2\)) cases. We deduce rather simple companion (rebit, qubit, quaterbit,…) formulas that successfully reproduce the rational values assumed for general \(k\). These formulas are observed to share certain features, possibly allowing them to be incorporated into a single master formula.

81P40 Quantum coherence, entanglement, quantum correlations
33C05 Classical hypergeometric functions, \({}_2F_1\)
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