## On the evaluation of prolate spheroidal wave functions and associated quadrature rules.(English)Zbl 1302.65061

From the summary: As demonstrated by Slepian et al. in a sequence of classical papers (see the references), prolate spheroidal wave functions (PSWFs) provide a natural and efficient tool for computing with bandlimited functions defined on an interval. Recently, PSWFs have been becoming increasingly popular in various areas in which such functions occur – this includes physics (e.g. wave phenomena, fluid dynamics), engineering (signal processing, filter design), etc.
To use PSWFs as a computational tool, one needs fast and accurate numerical algorithms for the evaluation of PSWFs and related quantities, as well as for the construction of corresponding quadrature rules, interpolation formulas, etc. During the last 15 years, substantial progress has been made in the design of such algorithms (see the references).The complexity of many of the existing algorithms, however, is at least quadratic in the band limit $$c$$. For example, the evaluation of the $$n$$th eigenvalue of the prolate integral operator requires $$O(c^2+n^2)$$ operations; the construction of accurate quadrature rules for the integration (and associated interpolation) of bandlimited functions with band limit $$c$$ requires $$O(c^3)$$ operations. Therefore, while the existing algorithms are satisfactory for moderate values of $$c$$ (e.g. $$c\leqslant 10^3$$), they tend to be relatively slow when $$c$$ is large (e.g. $$c\geqslant 10^4$$).
In this paper, we describe several numerical algorithms for the evaluation of PSWFs and related quantities, and design a class of PSWF-based quadratures for the integration of bandlimited functions. While the analysis is somewhat involved and will be published separately, the resulting numerical algorithms are quite simple and efficient in practice. For example, the evaluation of the $$n$$th eigenvalue of the prolate integral operator requires $$O(n+c\cdot\log c)$$ operations; the construction of accurate quadrature rules for the integration (and associated interpolation) of bandlimited functions with band limit $$c$$ requires $$O(c)$$ operations. All algorithms described in this paper produce results essentially to machine precision. Our results are illustrated via several numerical experiments.

### MSC:

 65D20 Computation of special functions and constants, construction of tables 94A11 Application of orthogonal and other special functions 33F05 Numerical approximation and evaluation of special functions 41A55 Approximate quadratures 42A10 Trigonometric approximation 94A12 Signal theory (characterization, reconstruction, filtering, etc.)
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