Optimal reinsurance policies for an insurer with a bivariate reserve risk process in a dynamic setting.

*(English)*Zbl 1290.91075Summary: Assume that an insurer has two dependent lines of business. The reserves of the two lines of business are modeled by a two-dimensional compound Poisson risk process or a common shock model. To protect from large losses and to reduce the ruin probability of the insurer, the insurer applies a reinsurance policy to each line of business, thus the two policies form a two-dimensional reinsurance policy. In this paper, we investigate the two-dimensional reinsurance policy in a dynamic setting. By using the martingale central limit theorem, we first derive a two-dimensional diffusion approximation to the two-dimensional compound Poisson reserve risk process. We then formulate the total reserve of the insurer by a controlled diffusion process and reduce the problem of optimal reinsurance strategies to a dynamic control problem for the controlled diffusion process. Under this setting, we show that a two-dimensional excess-of-loss reinsurance policy is an optimal form that minimizes the ruin probability of the controlled diffusion process. By solving a HJB equation with two dependent controls, we derive the explicit expressions of the optimal two-dimensional retention levels of the optimal two-dimensional excess-of-loss reinsurance policy and the minimized ruin probability. The results show that optimal dynamic two-dimensional retention levels are constant and the optimal retention levels are related by a deterministic function. We also illustrate the results by numerical examples.

##### MSC:

91B30 | Risk theory, insurance (MSC2010) |

60F05 | Central limit and other weak theorems |

60G60 | Random fields |

##### Keywords:

two-dimensional compound Poisson process; common shock model; two-dimensional Brownian motion; martingale central limit theorem; two-dimensional diffusion approximation; HJB equation; ruin probability; excess-of-loss reinsurance
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\textit{L. Bai} et al., Insur. Math. Econ. 53, No. 3, 664--670 (2013; Zbl 1290.91075)

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