Positivity-preserving DG and central DG methods for ideal MHD equations.

*(English)*Zbl 1286.76162Summary: Ideal MHD equations arise in many applications such as astrophysical plasmas and space physics, and they consist of a system of nonlinear hyperbolic conservation laws. The exact density \(\rho\) and pressure \(p\) should be non-negative. Numerically, such positivity property is not always satisfied by approximated solutions. One can encounter this when simulating problems with low density, high Mach number, or much large magnetic energy compared with internal energy. When this occurs, numerical instability may develop and the simulation can break down. In this paper, we propose positivity-preserving discontinuous Galerkin and central discontinuous Galerkin methods for solving ideal MHD equations by following [X. Zhang and C.-W. Shu, J. Comput. Phys. 229, No. 23, 8918–8934 (2010; Zbl 1282.76128)]. In one dimension, the positivity-preserving property is established for both methods under a reasonable assumption. The performance of the proposed methods, in terms of accuracy, stability and positivity-preserving property, is demonstrated through a set of one and two dimensional numerical experiments. The proposed methods formally can be of any order of accuracy.

##### MSC:

76W05 | Magnetohydrodynamics and electrohydrodynamics |

65M60 | Finite element, Rayleigh-Ritz and Galerkin methods for initial value and initial-boundary value problems involving PDEs |

35L65 | Hyperbolic conservation laws |