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Locally contractive dynamics in generalized integrate-and-fire neurons. (English) Zbl 1284.37030
This paper considers a generalisation of an integrate-and-fire neuron, with the inclusion of internal, spike-induced, currents which could model spike frequency adaptation, for example. The model has the form of a set of linear differential equations, together with several update rules that are applied when the neuron fires. External input to the neuron is constant. Thus the dynamics can be solved exactly between firing times, and the model reduced to a discrete map. For the particular case studied, the map is one-dimensional. This map is analysed in considerable detail, allowing the authors to determine conditions under which the neuron fires periodically or in bursts, and parameter values at which transitions between these behaviours occur. The map is shown to be piecewise contractive, a property which is used extensively in the authors’ analysis.

MSC:
37E05 Dynamical systems involving maps of the interval (piecewise continuous, continuous, smooth)
92C20 Neural biology
92B25 Biological rhythms and synchronization
34C25 Periodic solutions to ordinary differential equations
34A37 Ordinary differential equations with impulses
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