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On a multi-scale element-free Galerkin method for the Stokes problem. (English) Zbl 1262.76026
Summary: A multi-scale element-free Galerkin method is presented for the Stokes problem. The new method is based on the Hughes’ variational multi-scale formulation, and arises from a decomposition of the velocity field into coarse/resolved scales and fine/unresolved scales. In this method, an unresolved model is obtained in which unresolved scales are incorporated analytically through the bubble functions. Modeling of the unresolved scales corrects the lack of the stability of the standard element-free Galerkin formulation and the resulting stabilized formulation possesses superior properties like that of the streamline upwind/Petrov-Galerkin (SUPG) method and the Galerkin/least-squares (GLS) method. The method allows equal order basis for pressure and velocity because it violates the celebrated Babuska-Brezzi condition. A significant feature of the present method is that the structure of the stabilization tensor \(\tau \) appears naturally via the solution of the fine-scale problem. Numerical results for example problems confirm that this method has some excellent properties, such as better stability and accuracy.

MSC:
76D07 Stokes and related (Oseen, etc.) flows
65N30 Finite element, Rayleigh-Ritz and Galerkin methods for boundary value problems involving PDEs
76M25 Other numerical methods (fluid mechanics) (MSC2010)
Software:
Mfree2D
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