New variable transformations for evaluating nearly singular integrals in 2D boundary element method.

*(English)*Zbl 1259.65185Summary: This work presents a further development of the distance transformation technique for accurate evaluation of the nearly singular integrals arising in the 2D boundary element method (BEM). The traditional technique separates the nearly hypersingular integral into two parts: a near strong singular part and a nearly hypersingular part. The near strong singular part with the one-ordered distance transformation is evaluated by the standard Gaussian quadrature and the nearly hypersingular part still needs to be transformed into an analytical form. In this paper, the distance transformation is performed by four steps in case the source point coincides with the projection point or five steps otherwise. For each step, new transformation is proposed based on the approximate distance function, so that all steps can finally be unified into a uniform formation. With the new formulation, the nearly hypersingular integral can be dealt with directly and the near singularity separation and the cumbersome analytical deductions related to a specific fundamental solution are avoided. Numerical examples and comparisons with the existing methods on straight line elements and curved elements demonstrate that our method is accurate and effective.

##### MSC:

65N38 | Boundary element methods for boundary value problems involving PDEs |

##### Keywords:

nearly singular integrals; numerical integration; boundary element method; variable transformation
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\textit{G. Xie} et al., Eng. Anal. Bound. Elem. 35, No. 6, 811--817 (2011; Zbl 1259.65185)

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