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Symplectic structures and dynamics on vortex membranes. (English) Zbl 1258.35162
Summary: We present a Hamiltonian framework for higher-dimensional vortex filaments (or membranes) and vortex sheets as singular 2-forms with support of codimensions 2 and 1, respectively, i.e., singular elements of the dual to the Lie algebra of divergence-free vector fields. It turns out that the localized induction approximation (LIA) of the hydrodynamical Euler equation describes the skew-mean-curvature flow on vortex membranes of codimension 2 in any \(\mathbb R^{n}\), which generalizes to any dimension the classical binormal, or vortex filament, equation in \(\mathbb R^{3}\).
This framework also allows one to define the symplectic structures on the spaces of vortex sheets, which interpolate between the corresponding structures on vortex filaments and smooth vorticities.

35Q31 Euler equations
53C44 Geometric evolution equations (mean curvature flow, Ricci flow, etc.) (MSC2010)
58E40 Variational aspects of group actions in infinite-dimensional spaces
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