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Information sharing in a supply chain: a note on its value when demand is nonstationary. (English) Zbl 1232.90084
Summary: H. L. Lee, K. C. So and C. S. Tang [Manage. Sci. 46, No. 5, 626–643 (2000; Zbl 1231.90044)] showed that in a two-level supply chain with non-stationary \(AR(1)\) end demand, the manufacturer benefits significantly when the retailer shares point-of-sale (POS) demand data. We show in this paper, analytically and through simulation, that the manufacturer’s benefit is insignificant when the parameters of the \(AR(1)\) process are known to both parties, as in Lee, So, and Tang (LST). The key reason for the difference between our results and those of LST is that LST assume that the manufacturer also uses an \(AR(1)\) process to forecast the retailer order quantity. However, the manufacturer can reduce the variance of its forecast further by using the entire order history to which it has access. Thus, when intelligent use of already available internal information (order history) suffices, there is no need to invest in interorganizational systems for information sharing.

MSC:
90B05 Inventory, storage, reservoirs
91B44 Economics of information
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