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An experimental study of heat transfer to turbulent separation fluid flow in an annular passage. (English) Zbl 1209.80027
Summary: The effect of step height on heat transfer to a radially outward expanded air flow stream in a concentric annular passage was studied experimentally. Separation, subsequent reattachment and developed air flow occurred in the test section at a constant heat flux boundary condition. The experimental investigation was focused on the effect of separation flow on the local and average convection heat transfer. The experimental set-up consists of concentric tubes to form annular passage with a sudden reduction in passage cross-section created by the variations of outer tube diameter at the annular entrance section (D). The outer tube of test section was made of aluminium having 83 mm inside diameter and 600 mm heated length, which was subjected to a constant wall heat flux boundary condition. The investigation was performed in a Re range of 17050-44545, heat flux varied from \(719 W/m^{2}\) to \(2098 W/m^{2}\) and the enhancement of step heights were, \(s = 0\) (without step), 6 mm, 14.5 mm and 18.5 mm, which refer to \(d/D = 1\), 1.16, 1.53 and 1.80, respectively.
For all cases, an increase in the local heat transfer coefficient was obtained against enhanced heat flux and or Re. The effect of step variation is prominent in heat transfer at the separation region which increases with the rise of step height and it shows a little effect in the redevelopment region. In the separation region, the local heat transfer coefficient increases up to the maximum value at the reattachment point and then decreases gradually in the redevelopment region. The results have been correlated and compared with forced convection heat transfer in annular passage and show a maximum enhancement of 18% (\(S_{max} = 18.5\) mm) within the range of step height. The present results show good agreement with previous works and have followed similar trends.

MSC:
80A20 Heat and mass transfer, heat flow (MSC2010)
80-05 Experimental work for problems pertaining to classical thermodynamics
76R05 Forced convection
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