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Homogeneity of turbulence generated by static-grid structures. (English) Zbl 1193.76006
Summary: Homogeneity of turbulence generated by static grids is investigated with the help of hot-wire measurements in a wind-tunnel and direct numerical simulations based on the Lattice Bolztmann method. It is shown experimentally that Reynolds stresses and their anisotropy do not become homogeneous downstream of the grid, independent of the mesh Reynolds number for a grid porosity of 64%, which is higher than the lowest porosities suggested in the literature to realize homogeneous turbulence downstream of the grid. In order to validate the experimental observations and elucidate possible reasons for the inhomogeneity, direct numerical simulations have been performed over a wide range of grid porosity at a constant mesh Reynolds number. It is found from the simulations that the turbulence wake behind the symmetric grids is only homogeneous in its mean velocity but is inhomogeneous when turbulence quantities are considered, whereas the mean velocity field becomes inhomogeneous in the wake of a slightly non-uniform grid. The simulations are further analysed by evaluating the terms in the transport equation of the kinetic energy of turbulence to provide an explanation for the persistence of the inhomogeneity of Reynolds stresses far downstream of the grid. It is shown that the early homogenization of the mean velocity field hinders the homogenization of the turbulence field.

MSC:
76-05 Experimental work for problems pertaining to fluid mechanics
76F05 Isotropic turbulence; homogeneous turbulence
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