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Arc consistency for factorable relations. (English) Zbl 1193.68140
Summary: An optimal arc consistency algorithm AC-4 was given by Mohr and Henderson. AC-4 has cost \(O(ed^2)\), and cost \(O(nd^2)\) for scene labelling. Although their algorithm is indeed optimal, under certain conditions a constraint satisfaction problem can be transformed into a less complex problem. In this paper, we present conditions and mechanisms for such representational transformations, and show how to factor relations into more manageable components. We describe how factorization can reduce AC-4’s cost to \(O(ed)\), and apply this result to RETE match. Further, with our factorization, the cost of scene labelling is reduced to \(O(nd)\).

MSC:
68Q25 Analysis of algorithms and problem complexity
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