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Detection of hot spot through inverse thermal analysis in superconducting RF cavities. (English) Zbl 1189.80035
Summary: An inverse heat conduction problem in a superconducting radio frequency (SRF) cavity is examined. A localized defect is simulated as a point-heating source on the inner surface (RF surface) of the evacuated niobium cavity. Liquid helium acts as a coolant on the outer surface of the cavity. By measuring the outer surface temperature profile of the cavity using relatively few sensors, the temperature and location of a hot spot on the inner surface of the niobium are calculated using an inverse heat conduction technique. The inverse method requires a direct solution of a three-dimensional heat conduction problem through the cavity wall thickness along with temperature measurements from sensors on the outer surface of the cavity, which is immersed in liquid helium. A non-linear parameter estimation program then estimates the unknown location and temperature rise of the hot spot inside the cavity. The validation of the technique has been done through an experiment conducted on a niobium sample at room temperature.

80A23 Inverse problems in thermodynamics and heat transfer
80A20 Heat and mass transfer, heat flow (MSC2010)
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