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Study of MHD boundary layer flow over a heated stretching sheet with variable viscosity. (English) Zbl 1189.76787
Summary: This paper concerns with a steady two-dimensional flow of an electrically conducting incompressible fluid over a heated stretching sheet. The flow is permeated by a uniform transverse magnetic field. The fluid viscosity is assumed to vary as a linear function of temperature. A scaling group of transformations is applied to the governing equations. The system remains invariant due to some relations among the parameters of the transformations. After finding two absolute invariants a third-order ordinary differential equation corresponding to the momentum equation and a second-order ordinary differential equation corresponding to energy equation are derived. The equations along with the boundary conditions are solved numerically. It is found that the decrease in the fluid viscosity makes the velocity to decrease with the increasing distance of the stretching sheet. At a particular point of the sheet the fluid velocity decreases with the decreasing viscosity but the temperature increases in this case. It is found that with the increase of magnetic field intensity the fluid velocity decreases but the temperature increases at a particular point of the heated stretching surface. The results thus obtained are presented graphically and discussed.

MSC:
76W05 Magnetohydrodynamics and electrohydrodynamics
76D10 Boundary-layer theory, separation and reattachment, higher-order effects
76M20 Finite difference methods applied to problems in fluid mechanics
80A20 Heat and mass transfer, heat flow (MSC2010)
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