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Analysis of pulsating heat pipe with capillary Wick and varying channel diameter. (English) Zbl 1189.76631
Summary: Variation in channel diameter is investigated as a means of enhancing heat transfer in a pulsating heat pipe with capillary wick using the model presented here. The model is one-dimensional with slug flow where the momentum equation is solved for each liquid slug. The number and mass of liquid slugs are allowed to vary throughout a simulation. The energy equation is solved both in the wall and wick and in the working fluid. The effects of diameter profile, gravity, fill ratio, and heating and cooling schemes can be studied with the model. Results yield similar trends to what has been experimentally observed. Results also indicate that heat transfer can be enhanced when the diameter of the channel is varied along the channel length, thereby providing increased range of heat load capability, less sensitivity to gravity, and in some cases smaller temperature differentials.

76T10 Liquid-gas two-phase flows, bubbly flows
76D45 Capillarity (surface tension) for incompressible viscous fluids
80A20 Heat and mass transfer, heat flow (MSC2010)
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