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Pressure variation in a natural circulation loop with end heat exchangers. (English) Zbl 1189.76130
Summary: The pressure variation in a natural circulation loop has been investigated for both steady state and transient operating conditions. The loop exchanges heat with hot and cold external fluid streams through counterflow concentric tube heat exchangers. Considering spatial changes only in the direction of the loop length, closed form expressions have been obtained for pressure difference under steady state condition. An iterative scheme based on finite element method (FEM) has been formulated to solve the conservation equations in the transient state. The variation of dynamic pressure and its relationship with the variation of temperature field and circulation rate has been described.

76D05 Navier-Stokes equations for incompressible viscous fluids
76M10 Finite element methods applied to problems in fluid mechanics
80A20 Heat and mass transfer, heat flow (MSC2010)
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