The XFEM for high-gradient solutions in convection-dominated problems.

*(English)*Zbl 1188.76224Summary: Convection-dominated problems typically involve solutions with high gradients near the domain boundaries (boundary layers) or inside the domain (shocks). The approximation of such solutions by means of the standard finite element method requires stabilization in order to avoid spurious oscillations. However, accurate results may still require a mesh refinement near the high gradients. Herein, we investigate the extended finite element method (XFEM) with a new enrichment scheme that enables highly accurate results without stabilization or mesh refinement. A set of regularized Heaviside functions is used for the enrichment in the vicinity of the high gradients. Different linear and non-linear problems in one and two dimensions are considered and show the ability of the proposed enrichment to capture arbitrary high gradients in the solutions.

##### MSC:

76M10 | Finite element methods applied to problems in fluid mechanics |

76R99 | Diffusion and convection |

76R50 | Diffusion |

##### Keywords:

extended finite element method (XFEM); high-gradient solutions; convection-diffusion; convection-dominated; boundary layers; shocks##### Software:

XFEM
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\textit{S. Abbas} et al., Int. J. Numer. Methods Eng. 82, No. 8, 1044--1072 (2010; Zbl 1188.76224)

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