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Aggregation methods in population dynamics discrete models. (English) Zbl 1185.37185
Summary: Aggregation methods try to approximate a large scale dynamical system, the general system, involving many coupled variables by a reduced system, the aggregated system, that describes the dynamics of a few global variables. Approximate aggregation can be performed when different time scales are involved in the dynamics of the general system. Aggregation methods have been developed for general continuous time systems, systems of ordinary differential equations, and for linear discrete time models, with applications in population dynamics.In this contribution, we present aggregation methods for linear and nonlinear discrete time models. We present discrete time models with two different time scales, the fast one considered linear and the slow one, generally, nonlinear. We transform the system to make the global variables appear, and use a version of center manifold theory to build up the aggregated system in the nonlinear case. Simple forms of the aggregated system are enough for the local study of the asymptotic behaviour of the general system, provided that it has certain stability under perturbations. In linear models, the asymptotic behaviours of the general and the aggregated systems are characterized by their dominant eigenelements, that are proved to coincide to a certain order.The general method is applied to aggregate a multiregional Leslie model in the constant rates case (linear) and also in the density dependent case (nonlinear).

MSC:
37N25 Dynamical systems in biology
92D25 Population dynamics (general)
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