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The stability of stars of triangular equilibrium plate elements. (English) Zbl 1183.74294

Summary: Equilibrium models for finite element analyses are becoming increasingly important in complementary roles to those from conventional conforming models, but when formulating equilibrium models questions of stability, or admissibility of loads, are of major concern. This paper addresses these questions in the context of flat plates modelled with triangular hybrid elements involving membrane and/or flexural actions. Patches of elements that share a common vertex are considered, and such patches are termed stars. Stars may be used in global analyses as assemblies of elements forming macro-elements, or in local analyses. The conditions for stability, or the existence and number of spurious kinematic modes, are determined in a general algebraic procedure for any degree of the interpolation polynomials and for any geometric configuration. The procedure involves the determination of the rank of a compatibility matrix by its transformation to row echelon form. Examples are presented to illustrate some of the characteristics of spurious kinematic modes when they exist in stars with open or closed links.

MSC:

74S05 Finite element methods applied to problems in solid mechanics
74K20 Plates
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