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Threshold dynamics for compartmental epidemic models in periodic environments. (English) Zbl 1157.34041
The basic reproduction ratio and its computation formulae are established for a large class of compartmental epidemic models in periodic environments. It is proved that a disease cannot invade the disease-free state if the ratio is less than unity and can invade if it is greater than unity. It is also shown that the basic reproduction number of the time-averaged autonomous system is applicable in the case where both the matrix of new infection rate and the matrix of transition and dissipation within infectious compartments are diagonal, but it may underestimate and overestimate infection risks in other cases. The global dynamics of a periodic epidemic model with patch structure is analyzed in order to study the impact of periodic contacts or periodic migrations on the disease transmission.

MSC:
34C60 Qualitative investigation and simulation of ordinary differential equation models
92D30 Epidemiology
34D05 Asymptotic properties of solutions to ordinary differential equations
34C25 Periodic solutions to ordinary differential equations
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